Common Name: Kousso. Hagenia abyssinica. Drawing of the leaves, flowers, fruits and seed. Photograph by: Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler’s Medizinal-Pflanzen. This study provides insight into the medicinal importance of Hagenia abyssinica as well as the degree of threat on its population. Throughout history, Hagenia abyssinica has been used as an anthelmintic in Ethiopia and other parts of Africa. Almost every Ethiopian used to.
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Hagenia abyssinica African redwood Kingdom: Living collections and other conservation measures are strongly recommended. Kew Backbone Distributions Hedberg, I. Flora Zambesiaca Flora Zambesiaca http: A royalty fee is required for a licence to exploit it. Synonyms include Banksia abyssinicaBrayera anthelminticaHagenia abyssinica var. Kosso is an anthelmintic hgenia also acts as a muscle poison in some small animals.
Slugs, Snails Flatworms, Worms Terrestrial. Friends of Te Henui 5: In the 19 th century, kosso was widely used as an anthelmintic in Europe. Hagenia abyssinica is worthy of protection and worth planting for its ornamental value. Kossokousso or cusso is a drug which consists of the panicles of the pistillate flowers of Hagenia. First published in Syst. Abyssinica most East African mountains, Hagenia abyssinica is common just below the tree-line at about 3, metres above sea levelwhere it may form almost pure woodlands.
The wood has a handsome appearance and is suitable for furniture, cabinet work, floors, veneers, tools and fences. Trees are either male or female, with male flowers an orange to brown or white colour and red female flowers. Hagenia abyssinica is an important medicinal plant in Africa that societies relied on for generations for combating various ailments.
Stand structure and regeneration of the subalpine Hagenia abyssinica forests of Mt. Hagenia abyssinica Bruce J.
Animals New Zealand’s Marine mammals. Preliminary studies of traditional medicinal plants in nineteen markets in Ethiopia: Red Sea Press,avyssinica. It has been assumed that Hagenia abyssinica has a regeneration cycle associated with heavy forest fires.
Hagenia anthelmintica Kunth ex A. Unsourced or poorly sourced material may be challenged and removed. This treatment has been used for centuries in Ethiopia, but its use is now in decline due to availability of reliable alternatives.
Kosso wood is not durable, and is subject to attack by borers and termites. It is effective against most types of tapeworm in the gut, but not against cysts outside the gut.
In agricultural areas, Hagenia abyssinica can be found scattered in fields because it is not usually cut down. Hagenia is widespread and often common where it occurs, and plant parts are harvested sustainably for many of their uses rather than, for example, by cutting down the whole tree. In Ethiopia, Hagenia abyssinica is a dominant tree in subhumid montane woodland rainfall up to mm per year.
Niclosamide trade name ‘Yomesan’ is probably the best chemical medicine against tapeworm. The dark red wood is used for furniture, flooring and carving, but is not durable. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 6: Female Female flowers rather viscid, more red, up to 1. Almost every Ethiopian used to drink an extraction of dried flowers once every months to expel tapeworm, which was, and to some extent still is, a common parasite in Ethiopia where raw meat, a source of infection, is a delicacy and a very popular item in the diet.
Please review the contents of the section and add the appropriate references if you can. Usually a dose of 8—16 g of dried flowers is taken, but some people use as much as 35 g. All are mixtures of isobutyryl, isovaleryl and 2-methylbutyryl side chain homologues of methylene-bis-pseudo-aspidinol.
The tree is occasionally planted around churches and villages. In the southern highlands of Tanzania, Hagenia abyssinica is a protected tree. Fruits Achenes enclosed within the calyx-tube with its accrescent epicalyx and persistent calyx-lobes; often only one of the achenes developing; pericarp thin, fragile, brown, reticulately rugose.
Leaves Leaves imparipinnate, up to 40 cm. In the long term, the crude drug will disappear from use as a result of restrictions on use.
Collection of inflorescences for medicinal purposes does not greatly affect the plants. Although this species has not yet been assessed on the IUCN Red List, its many uses and loss of habitat mean that populations are decreasing as deforestation continues throughout the Afromontane forests. Views Read Edit View history.
No germplasm collections are known. In mice, doses up to 16 times the lethal dose by the intraperitoneal route produced no observable toxicity by the oral route; high doses affected peripheral vision in chicken.
Individual trees are either male or female, but sometimes polygamous. Beforekosso was listed as an anthelmintic in the pharmacopoeias of about 30 countries.
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