PDF | The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa is a book written by Sir Fredrick Lugard (the first colonial Governor General of Nigeria). It forms or constructs. Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard GCMG, CB, DSO, PC (22 January – 11 April ), known as Sir Frederick Lugard . Lugard’s The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa was published in and discussed indirect. Born to an English family in India in , Frederick Lugard rose to His The Dual Mandate, first published in , became a handbook for all.
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Put simply, it invariably means that the ideological viewpoints of people like Lugard are those known or on offer, and the audience’s choice is narrowed to that which is available and to that which is from authoritative hegemonic sources. Indirect Rule in British Africa. Following the subjugation of thee Hausa-Fulani inLugard introduced the system among the people.
This brings about an anthropological conundrum or a contradiction. Words Tokens he his The african The negro 21 Table 2 In the use of ‘he’ and ‘his’ to refer to all Africans, apart from some few anecdotal cases involving clear references, all other cases are a blanket reference to a whole people. In a way the discourse it freezes has been taken for granted.
This is where the representation of the subaltern is most discerned. It was adopted by colonial officials in a number of British possessions such as Sierra Leonethe Gold Coastand Uganda. The Rulers of British Africa — 1st ed. The politics of representation in north south relations 3rd ed. The colonial army had a clash with the locals in Satiru a village who were resisting colonial occupation.
The goal of analyzing these discursive practices and structures, as argued by Dotyis not only to reveal essential truths that have been obscured per se, but rather to examine how certain representations underlie the production of knowledge and identities and how these representations make various courses of action possible.
One clear example of the subalterns acting in tandem with the colonialist is in the Satiru Rebellion in Sokoto, Northern Nigeria. Powerfully built, they are capable of great feats of strength and endurance. In particular “our African dependencies” occurs six times. Governor of Hong Kong — Lugard’s chief interest was education and he was largely remembered for his efforts to the founding of the University of Hong Kong in The power of ocular surveillance and the imperial gaze simply supplant an objective anthropological and ethnographic scientific inquiry.
The attempt in this paper as such is to try to see at least one aspect of this construction i. A I age of Afri a: This shall be discussed later. This section does not cite any sources. The black image in the white mind: The colonizer and the colonized 3rd ed. The word ‘dependencies’ appears times in the overall text in reference to British colonies.
Retrieved March 3,from The Toynbee convector, https: Similarly, Taiwo sees even the educated Africans deferring to the whites and acceding to their superiority. The recurrent linguistic association of savagery with the African, for example, may lead to the belief in the veracity of the notion. Their first interior trading post was established at Machakos miles in from the coast.
Remember me on this computer. Thus, they lacked the authoritarianism of the northern emirs.
Undergraduates, seduced, as always, by the changing breath of journalistic fashion, demand that they should be taught the history of black Africa. Retrieved from ” https: His being is reduced to the materiality of his body. One thing that is striking about the jandate of Lugard is the sense of authority and veracity with which he reports his objects.
The Satiru encounter between the locals and the colonial army really existed, but whether this encounter is seen as an act of rebellion or an act of rightful resistance depends on how the discourse is constructed and whose voice is really lodd powerful and authoritative. Ostensibly, the colonial official was a sympathetic adviser and a counselor to the chiefs; in reality, though, the official would dictate colonial policies and regulations to the chiefs.
An essay in reading the archives. Time and the other: Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Blackwood and Sons, The power of the gaze comes with the potency of surveillance which accords power to the former.
Such arrangement in which imperial orders were disguised as those of the chiefs ensured quick compliance by the people. Lugard employs this strategy in his use of possessive and personal pronouns to refer to the whole Africans.
The series of intermittent armed clashes that took place up to mid is known as the Karonga Waror sometimes the Arab War. Moreover, the term ‘protectorates’ appears 74 times. One of the most powerful strategies of imperial dominaion is that of surveillance, or observation, because it implies a viewer with an elevated vantage point, it suggests the power to process and understand that which is seen, and it objectifies and interpellates the colonized subject in a way that fixes its identity in relation to the surveyor.
The heroism of the people of Satiru is made to be supplanted by rebellion, their patriotic resistance by impudent recalcitrance. The overall thrust of this discursive construction here as such is to show a people with no clear history and much in consonance with the Trevor-Roper theory of Africa lacking in history.
In this work, Lugard outlined the reasons and methods that he recommended for the colonisation of Africa by Britain. As theorized by Lugard, the native authority retained, as much as possible, its traditional powers and character. In Lugard’s discourse, European imperialism rested on the premise that the resources of Africa, perceived dormant, could be productively marshaled and utilized by the more technologically advanced imperial nations of Europe for the mutual benefits of the colonizer and the colonized.
Maneate sees chronopolitics as a term descriptive of the relation of time perspectives to political decision-making. We are, I argue, primed by each encounter so that when we come to use the word or syllable or combination of words we characteristically replicate the contexts in which we had previously encountered it.
This page was last edited on 23 Novemberat All these issues do not happen by chance.